There is evidence for effectiveness of:
Intensive, high quality, face-to-face server training, when accompanied by police enforcement, license inspectors and management support, in reducing intoxication and associated alcohol-related problems
Mulvihill, C. Taylor, L. Waller, S. with Naidoo B. Thom, B.( 2005) Prevention and reduction of alcohol misuse: Evidence briefing. Second Edition. London: Health Development Agency.
The University of Sheffield, School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR, 2009) Final draft of Report 1 Macro Level Interventions for Alcohol Use Disorders: Effectiveness Review to the National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence. National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence.
Babor, T. Caetano, R. Casswell, S. Edwards, G. Giesbrecht, N. Graham, K. et al. ( 2010) Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity. Research and Public Policy. 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press