NHS Health Scotland
Outcome Indicators


Improving the specified short-term and intermediate outcomes detailed in models 2 and 3 will contribute to a shared understanding in society that ‘good’ work is generally good for health.

In future if contributions of the health and work agenda to national outcomes can be demonstrated through the monitoring and evaluation of Health Works this will also contribute to a shared


  1. Waddell G, Burton AK, Kendall N (2008). Vocational Rehabilitation: What works, for whom, and when? Vocational Rehabilitation Task Group report. The Stationary Office:  London.

  2. NICE (2009). NICE public health guidance 19 Managing long-term sickness absence and incapacity for work. NICE: London.

  3. Hill D, Lucy D, Tyers C, James L (2007). What works at work? Review of evidence assessing the effectiveness of workplace interventions to prevent and manage common health problems. The Stationary Office: Leeds.

  4. Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2010). Recommendations for Worksite-Based Interventions to Improve Workers’ Health. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38(2) Supplement 1: S232-S236.

  5. Sockoll I, Kramer I and Bodeker W (2009). Effectiveness and economic benefits of workplace health promotion and prevention. Summary of the scientific evidence 2000 to 2006. iga.Report 13e. Initiative Gesundheit & Arbeit: Germany.

  6. Parkinson J (2007). Establishing a core set of national, sustainable mental health indicators for adults in Scotland: Final rationale paper. NHS Health Scotland: Glasgow.

  7. Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M and Petticrew M (2010). Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64: 284-291.

  8. Dolan P, Peasgood T & White M (2006). Review of research on the influence on personal well-being and application to police making. Defra: London.

  9. Waddell G, Burton AK (2006). Is work good for your health and well-being? The Stationary Office: London

  10. Scottish Government (2009). Health Works. A review of the Scottish Government’s Healthy Working Lives Strategy.

  11. Campbell J, Wright C, Moseley A, Chilvers R, Richards S, Stabb L (2007). Avoiding long-term incapacity for work: Developing an early intervention in primary care. Universities of Exeter & Plymouth Peninsula Medical School Report for Dame Carol Black’s review of health of Britain’s working age population.

  12. Acheson D, Barker D, Chambers J, Graham H, Marmot M, Whitehead M (1998). Independent inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report. The Stationery Office: London.

  13. Marmot M, Wilkinson RG (2006). Social determinants of health (2nd edition). Oxford University Press: Oxford.

  14. McLean C, Carmona C, Francis S, Wohlgemuth C, Mulvihill C (2005). Worklessness and health - what do we know about the causal relationship? Evidence review (1st edition). Health Development Agency: London.

  15. NICE (2007). NICE public health guidance 06 Behaviour change at population, community and individual levels. NICE: London.