Publication name: Investigating the ‘Glasgow Effect’ – Three Cities Population Survey: Technical Survey Report
Date: 24 June 2013
Description: This report is the latest in a series exploring the issue of ‘excess’ mortality in Scotland, and particular parts of Scotland.

This ‘excess’ is defined as the higher levels of mortality experienced in Scotland compared to other parts of the UK over and above that explained by socio-economic deprivation. As such, this research does not seek alternative explanations to poverty and deprivation as the driving forces of poor health. The links between deprivation and health are profound, well researched and beyond dispute: the three cities that are the focus for the research described in this and other reports – Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester – have the lowest life expectancy of any UK city because they have the highest levels of deprivation of any UK city. Rather, this research seeks to identify what additional factors might explain the considerably higher (excess) mortality seen in Glasgow compared to these two similarly deprived English cities and, by extension, that seen in all other parts of Scotland compared to England & Wales after taking into account differences in levels of poverty.

This document describes the collection and analysis of new data for a number of theories that have been proposed to explain this additional mortality. Further hypotheses are being examined in other research projects.

A report synthesising the results of all these research elements has been published by the Glasgow Centre for Population Health and NHS Health Scotland, and can it accessed here:

For further information please visit: and
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