B. Evidence for integrated recovery-oriented services (Enforcement model)
Scottish policy directives support all organisations with a contribution to make to managing offenders to work together in a coordinated way to deliver enhanced outcomes for individuals and communities.
Scottish policy and practice note
Recovery from drug addiction and dependence is acknowledged to be a highly individual and rarely linear process. In the Scottish Government national drugs strategy, The Road to Recovery: a new approach to tackling Scotland’s drugs problem (2008)  recovery is defined as ‘a process through which an individual is enabled to move from their problem drug use, towards a drug-free lifestyle as an active and contributing member of society’ and states that ‘recovery is most effective when service users ‘needs and aspirations are placed at the center of their care and treatment… an aspirational and person-centred process’.
Redesigning the community justice system in Scotland 
Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010  made a number of changes to how our justice system operates including: Making sentences served in the community more robust, immediate and visible through the creation of the Community Payback Order (CPOs), and introducing a presumption against short prison sentences of three months or less. These were introduced in February 2011. The community sentencing provided by CPOs is crucial for making realistic alternatives to custody available and for supporting rehabilitation.
Reducing Reoffending: National Strategy for the Management of Offenders (2006) 
Outcomes for communities: Scotland is a safe place to live, but too many communities and individuals suffer the effects of crime. Communities need to feel safer as well as be safer. So we want to see:
Outcomes for offenders: We know that certain factors will reduce the chance of an individual reoffending. We will expect agencies to work together to enhance services for offenders to achieve the following outcomes:
The Commission on Women Offenders  stated that convictions for frequent low-level offences, often a result of significant underlying issues, such as drug and alcohol addiction and mental health problems, could be better addressed in the community.
The Commission concluded that services and programmes need to be tailored to the multiple and complex needs of women offenders to achieve reductions in reoffending and better outcomes for local communities.
The final report made recommendations which offer practical proposals to reduce reoffending among women.