NHS Health Scotland
Outcome Indicators

3.6 Activities to improve the physical environment, including greenspace and amenities need to be universal and targeted at deprived communities.


It is plausible that physical environments which promote good health might be important to reduce socioeconomic health inequalities. There is limited evidence that populations which are exposed to the greenest environments have the lowest level of health inequality related to income deprivation.[1, 2]


  1. Mitchell R and Popham F (2008). Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population study. The Lancet, 372 (9650): 1655-1660.

  2. Greenspace Health and Outcomes Framework (2010). greenspace Scotland, NHS Health Scotland and Scottish Natural Heritage.