Identify and define the problem

This section provides information on a number of key sources of data and various tools which have been developed to support CHPs define their population health profiles and the extent of health inequalities. The tools are:

ScotPHO´s 2010 Health and wellbeing profiles for CHP areas in Scotland (external link)

Health and wellbeing profiles were published in November 2010 by the Scottish Public Health Observatory (ScotPHO) collaboration, updating profiles previously published in 2008.

These profiles are designed to support health improvement in Scotland by providing information about the health of local populations. The indicators are designed to help understanding of local health issues and should be interpreted with the benefit of local knowledge.

The updated outputs feature profiles for CHP areas, based on a set of 67 health indicators, covering health outcomes behaviour and wider determinants of health.

The outputs include:

  • Profile reports for CHP areas
  • Scotland level report
  • Technical report
  • Sub-CHP excel workbooks)
  • Spine chart packs (small area spines by CHP)
  • General profiles and also profiles on children and young people in Scotland.

All the outputs will be available on the ScotPHO website (external link)

ScotPHO Health Inequalities Tool (external link)

The Health Inequalities Tool is split into two parts. The first part of the tool displays two types of chart for those residents of a particular CHP who are classified into the most deprived quintile (MDQ) of the whole Scottish population.

Gap analysis charts show the contribution of different conditions to gaps in life expectancy between the CHP in question and three sets of comparator populations which are: The Scottish average, Scotland´s least deprived quintile (LDQ) and those in Scotland´s LDQ residing in the CHP. This information is then summarised in Scarf charts.

The second part of the tool allows you to model the impact of certain evidence-based interventions on all cause mortality and life expectancy.

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Information Services Division (ISD) (external link)

ISD is part of NHS National Services Scotland, and is Scotland´s national organisation for health information, statistics and IT services.

ISD works in partnership with a wide range of organisations including NHS Scotland Unified Boards, hospitals, general practioners, local authorities, voluntary organisations and CHPs to build the national database of health information for health and wellbeing improvement.

ISD has developed a range of programmes which provide specialised support to priority areas for NHS Scotland including cancer and mental health. Further information on these programmes, including a full list of the range of programmes, are available on the ISD website (external link)

Health Protection Scotland (HPS) (external link)

Health Protection Scotland coordinate, strengthen and support activities aimed at protecting all the people of Scotland from infectious and environmental hazards.

They do this by providing advice, support and information to health professionals, national and local government, the general public and a number of other bodies that play a part in protecting health.

Useful areas of information may include:

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Scottish Health Impact Assessment

The Scottish Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Network is coordinated by NHS Health Scotland and is open to anyone working or planning to work on health impact assessments in Scotland. Current areas of work for the network include:

  • raise awareness of HIA and encourage its use as part of partnership work at all levels
  • support practitioners doing HIA
  • develop frameworks for HIA of specific topic areas or sectors
  • enhance consideration of Mental Wellbeing in HIA
  • develop approaches to Integrated Impact Assessment
  • build consideration of health into Strategic Environmental Assessment
  • link with other organisations and share local and international experience of HIA

Further information is available on NHS Health Scotland´s Health Impact Assessment webpage.

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Reviewed 29 July 2014

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