Research

Evidence for Action funds primary research in order to address gaps in knowledge and inform decision making.

The Evidence for Action team in NHS Health Scotland has sponsored, funded or managed a number of research collaborations (either wholly or in partnership with other organisations) in order to fill gaps in the current evidence. These include:

  1. SPARColl (Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration) (external link) consists of national and international academics whose key aim is to improve our understanding of the effectiveness of physical activity interventions (particularly walking) through research and dissemination.
  2. The CLEAN collaboration which sought to evaluate the impact of the smoking in public places policy in Scotland.
  3. The GoWell programme (external link) which seeks to improve our understanding of the health impacts of housing improvement and regeneration.
  4. The Alcohol and Offenders Criminal Justice Research Programme which aims to better understand the extent and nature of alcohol problems in offenders and which effective interventions can address them, recognising that the criminal justice setting is an opportunity to detect and intervene in an often ‘hard to reach’ population.

In addition, we have commissioned a number of primary research studies to address identified gaps in the evidence base. The research reports for studies published since 2011 are:

  1. Prison health needs assessment for alcohol problems (2011): a needs assessment of alcohol problems in prisoners which provides recommendations for service improvement and a model of care.
  2. Scoping Study of Interventions for Offenders with Alcohol Problems (2011): reviews current plans and practice for the identification and treatment of offenders with alcohol problems in community settings.
  3. Delivering alcohol brief interventions in the criminal justice system (2012): evaluates an alcohol brief intervention pilot project which ran between February 2010 and April 2011. It addresses a previous gap in evidence on alcohol problems in offenders in the community, whilst adding to the growing evidence base on the prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUD) in offenders more generally.

The research reports prior to 2011 but still current are:

  1. Research exploring motivators and barriers to engaging with smoking cessation services (2009).
  2. Physical activity and mental health (2008) reviews the evidence on the role of physical activity in promoting mental wellbeing and preventing mental health problems amongst children and young people.
  3. Scoping exercise with black and minority ethnic groups on perceptions on mental wellbeing in Scotland (2008) summarises the literature on conceptualisation of mental health amongst different Black and minority ethnic groups and reports on the  findings of research undertaken with the Chinese and Pakistani communities in Scotland about their concepts of mental wellbeing.
  4. An evaluation comparing models of smoking cessation services (pharmacy/1:1 .v. specialist group-based services) in Glasgow (2008).
  5. The external evaluation of the NHS Health Scotland/ASH Scotland young people and smoking cessation pilot programme.
  6. Mental health improvement: evidence based messages to promote mental wellbeing (2007) summarises the evidence for mental health improvement messages and, the views of the public and professionals on mental health improvement messages.

Updated 16/07/2014

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